The UK government confirmed its plans to introduce import controls on EU goods at the border after the Brexit transition period ends on 31 December 2020. This will have a significant impact on UK import VAT.
In a statement on HMRC’s website, it said that import controls were needed in order to take back control of UK borders and begin to strike trade deals around the world.
In a speech on Monday, by the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster at a Border Delivery Group stakeholder event, he confirmed all UK exports and imports will be treated equally. This will mean traders in the EU and GB will have to submit customs declarations and be liable to goods’ checks. He also confirmed that the policy easements put in place for a potential no deal exit will not be reintroduced as businesses have time to prepare.
There are a number of reasons for implementing import controls such as safer borders, the facilitation of negotiations of trading arrangements and for the collection of the right customs, VAT and excise duties.
This will come as a nightmarish blow to any finance departments of businesses based both in the UK and in Europe as it will have major VAT compliance and VAT leakage implications.
It will likely mean that all goods going from the UK into the EU will have VAT on them in the destination country. This creates a cash-flow impact which did not exist when the UK was part of the single market.
For example, if a UK company is importing goods into the EU country (most often in the form of a Delivery Duties Paid Shipment), then the UK company will have a foreign EU import VAT cost to consider. The reverse is also inevitable where any European business making DDP shipments into the UK will be charged with 20% UK Import VAT.
Importers who have been using a single EORI for all imports across the EU might need to now obtain a second EORI number as HMRC has specifically said all imports into the UK must be done using a UK-issued EORI number.
In their statement on Monday, HMRC urged UK business to prepare for border controls by making sure they have an Economic Operator Registration and Identification (EORI) number, and to start looking into how businesses will want to make declarations such as using a customs agent.
The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Michael Gove said: “The UK will be outside the single market and outside the customs union, so we will have to be ready for the customs procedures and regulatory checks that will inevitably follow.”
Given these changes, it is probable that your business may need to use a different supply chain model (perhaps delivering orders from a different country to avoid these complications). Changes to the supply chain will inevitably result in new VAT compliance obligations.
Vatglobal is here to assist both UK and EU businesses who may be affected by these changes. For any other queries around your import/export VAT structures, please email us on firstname.lastname@example.org or leave your details on the site.